HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGIES IN THE INFRASTRUCTURE OF A SMART TOWN
A year ago the Ministries of Energy, Economy and Innovation, and Transport, and 19 other organisations including business associations and major energy companies, signed an agreement to establish a hydrogen platform in Lithuania. The signatories agreed to cooperate in the design and development of hydrogen technologies that will be crucial for achieving national and European energy and climate goals.
The European Union Hydrogen Strategy states that hydrogen produced from renewable energy sources will be critical to achieving a climate-neutral EU economy by 2050. The EU Hydrogen Strategy also aims to integrate hydrogen into the decarbonisation of the industrial, transport, energy generation and buildings sectors across Europe. The development of hydrogen technologies in Lithuania contributes to the objectives of the National Energy Independence Strategy.
The EU Hydrogen Strategy aims to integrate hydrogen into the decarbonisation of the industrial, transport, energy generation and buildings sectors. In the years 2020–2024, the European Commission will support the installation in the EU of at least 6 GW of electrolysers for the production of hydrogen from renewable sources and the production of up to 1 million tonnes of hydrogen from renewable sources.
According to the EU strategy, over the period 2025–2030 hydrogen must become an integral part of the EU’s integrated energy system, with up to 40 GW of renewable hydrogen electrolysers and the production of up to 10 million tonnes of clean hydrogen. By 2050, hydrogen technology must be widely used in industry and transport.
Lithuania’s Plan for the DNA of the Future Economy provides EUR 2 million to fund research on the use of hydrogen produced from renewable energy sources in natural gas infrastructure.
‘In the past, there was usually one power plant in the city that produced both electricity and heat. The electricity was distributed to end users, who paid the price of the electricity. Today, a new class of energy consumers is emerging. They not only use, but also produce, or rather produce and use energy at the same time. Everyone already knows that the main production technology is solar energy. Unfortunately, solar irradiation is not stable in our country and therefore the inequalities that occur during generation and consumption need to be balanced. Energy storage is a very important factor for integrating green energy into the market. Hydrogen is one option for such storage. All over the world, its operation possibilities are associated with the production of alternative sources such as wind and solar energy’, says Milčius.
What could the future energy systems look like? What is being created by Lithuanian scientists working in the field of energy, what has already been done, what patents have been registered? How do hydrogen cars work – are they safe? What is hydrogen? What are its properties and explosiveness? What is the cost of hydrogen? How do we produce ‘green’ hydrogen? What will replace combined heat and power plants? What will be the smart control and energy storage systems? Dr Darius Milčius, Head of the Hydrogen Energy Technology Centre at the Lithuanian Energy Institute, invites you to find out how the Lithuanian hydrogen platform is being developed by joining the LBSA’s YouTube channel today at 14:00.